Differential diagnosis and comorbidity of
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and
borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adults.
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of
Freiburg Medical School, Hauptstr. 5, 79104, Freiburg,
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults
and borderline personality Disorder (BPD) share some similar
clinical features (e. g. impulsivity, emotional
dysregulation, cognitive impairment). ADHD in childhood has
been reported to be highly associated with the diagnosis of
BPD in adulthood and adult ADHD often co-occurs with BPD.
Treatment studies revealed an efficacy of dialectical
behavioral therapy (DBT) and DBT-based psychotherapy,
respectively, in BPD and adult ADHD as well as neuroimaging
and psychopharmacological studies showed some evidence for a
potential common neurobiological dysfunction suggesting the
hypothesis that ADHD and BPD may not be two distinct
disorders, but represent at least in a subgroup of patients
two dimensions of one disorder.
PMID: 16977551 [PubMed - in process]